THE CALMECAC

After the first sort of education they received at home, at 15 years old, the young men entered calmecacs, priests were in charge. This educative institution was directed to pipitlin class also know as nobles. Nonetheless there is some reference of young men of lower class who had access to the calmecac, thanks to their intelligence and dedication. The priests were equally chosen without taking into account the lineage but instead what counted were customs and doctrines.

The education in the calmecac, was very severe and prepared the pupils for priesthood or for high functions of the state.There existed many of these centers of higher learning and most of the time there always was one right next to a determined temple, when the young man enrolled in this school he placed himself under a great discipline like for example, when they had frequent and rigorous fasts. Many nights he went to a hill and offer incense to the gods while they mortified themselves with the sharp edges of a famous Mexican cactus called the maguey. They were subject to the ideals of priesthood with a renunciation of themselves, study of the stars, contemplative knowledge and chastity. The principal divinity of these centers or temples was Quetzalcoatl, God of the self-sacrifice, and of the penitence of the arts and culture.

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