Metropolis of an Empire

No evidence allows us to believe that in Teotihuacan human sacrifices were practiced. On the other hand, there are no remains of fortifications. The almost total absence of warrior temples and military figures in the plastic parts constitutes also in a notable exception in ancient Mexico and allows us to affirm that the elevated ideas of such theocracy was manifested in a kind of power without violence and peaceful government. Nobody doubts that the construction of the ceremonial center, which prolonged for a period of three centuries, had to require an enormous and permanent recruitment of hand labor. It has been calculated that only considering the pyramid of the Sun, once concluded, it appears, in the first decades of our era, required the daily work of 3,000 men during a period of 30 years. The reason for these magnificent constructions lies, evidently, in an urban phenomenon unique for its amplitude in the history of ancient Mexico. The religious prestige, the persuasion and probably the coaction assured a sort of rural exodus, necessary for the construction of the sacred buildings and this provoked, at the same time, the development of a big and populated city.

Some 15 years ago, professor Renne Millon from the University of Rochester took his team to the ruins of Teotihuacan, previously divided in a detailed manner in parcels of 5,381.96 ft². This scientific exploration of a city that still has 9/10 of its joint buried, allowed them to obtain a surprising map of its habitat: At first sight we could believe that we find ourselves in front of one of those inexorably functional cities of the U.S.; In this joint of perpendicular and parallel lines, the only thing missing is the name of the street and the house numbers. According to Renne Millon, Teotihuacan, towards the year 150 A.D, it already occupied the 17 by 20 km2 and it counted with some 50,000 inhabitants, but for unknown reasons, its surface wouldn’t develop in the proportion that its population did. In the beginnings of the V century, the city in the height of fame, occupied the definite surface of 30 or 32 km2 and its almost 100,000 inhabitants supposedly show an already extremely dense population. Professor Millon diagnoses that two centuries later overpopulation existed which he evaluates, approximately, between the 125000 and 200000 souls.

A similar human concentration makes us think about the supply problem. The American investigators don’t believe that crops of the valley were enough to feed the great city since the IV century. The food products must have been submitted to merchant amplifications, same as the raw materials that were necessary for Artisans. The excavations have revealed the influence of the Teotihuacan culture in all of the region of the central high plateau, as well as many points of the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, in the ancient Olmec region up to Guatemala, where the important enclave of Kaminaljuyu could be taken as an authentic replica of the City of the Gods. This way, the hypothesis of some sort of empire of Teotihuacan is confirmed. An empire that with prestige, influence of religious and artistic norms, and the regular exchange of products, wouldn’t have been enough to fund and maintain for some centuries.

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