The First Effigies of the Feathered Serpent

In the first place, it is convenient to insist of the fact, proved by every archeologist, that in Teotihuacan the first effigies of the “feathered serpent” are found, divinity that since then it would occupy the religious epicenter of the remaining Mid-American civilizations. The God Quetzalcoatl was born there and besides the sacred Nahua laws precise that his birth took place thanks to the voluntary sacrifice, in the peak of the great pyramid, of the archaic God of fire, Huehueteotl, whose representation in the shape of an old man in a squat and of wrinkled faced, serves as a decoration to many incense vendors and braziers of Terracot.

It is evidently the transition of a magical cult to a solar religion. Laurette Sejourne explains that the birth of the God Quetzalcoatl, and of the apparition in Teotihuacan of the Fifth Sun and its ascension to the “Zenith”. She deduces from it that the priest architects conceived and constructed the city in each one of its details of glory and according to the rules of the “Feathered Serpent”. The bird (Quetzal) symbolizes, in Nahuatl, heaven, the spiritual energy; the serpent (Coatl), the Earth, the forces of matter. The hieroglyphic cosmogony of Quetzalcoatl expressed the alliance of heaven and Earth, the union of spirit and matter. The secret sense of that cult to the Feathered Serpent consists in symbolizing and arousing in the man the conscience of its double nature and to indicate him the way of his solar happening. But let’s return to the places that occupy us. If we consider the ceremonial sector in its joint, we would prove that it divides in two sections united by the axis of the Causeway of the Dead: up high, the celestial selection, where the two pyramids reach out to each other; down below, the terrestrial session, occupied by the enclosure of the Citadel and the temple of Quetzalcoatl.

All the buildings, palaces and habitable joints of the city accommodate to the orientation East-West of the pyramid of the Sun, this represents that it follows the sun until sunset, in other words for the ancient Indians, its descent to the world of darkness before getting up and restarting their celestial ascension. It is able to appreciate that the position of the pyramid inflicts a slight disposition to that axis East-West, and architect Ignacio Marquina, trying to clarify the motive, he discovered that the building, is directed exactly to the point by which the sun sets on the two days of its path by the Zenith, heart of the universe.

The tight relationship of the pyramid with a very frequent sign in the Nahuatl symbols can also be observed: the “Quincunce” in other words, where four points set in the shape of square with a fifth in the center. This figure means at the same time the number five, the center and the heart.

For the Nahuas, the heart is a vital point for the man, in which the opposing forces converge and shall be united. In effect the pyramid could be the monumental expression of a Quincunce, whose central point elevated into space converts into space, it converts over itself, and the Quincunce at the same time could be the flat representation of a pyramid.

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