Monumentally esoteric

Ancient photographs show the emplacement in the beginnings of the century: a chaotic labyrinth with some cultivated sectors, sprinkled with promontories. Among the first systematic excavations of Leopoldo Batres (1905-1910), the decisive jobs of Manuel Gamio (1917-1922) and of Pedro Armillas (1942-1945) and the campaign of excavations and restorations started in 1962 under the direction of Ignacio Bernal, by the National Institute of Anthropology and History and 70 years of wise efforts were necessary for Teotihuacan to start showing its solemn geometry of its constructions and stop guessing the strictly ordered amplitude of its urbanism. An artery of 45 meters wide and more of 2 kilometers in length represents the axes, almost exactly North-South, from which the ceremonial center of the city of distributes and organizes itself. The Aztecs denominated it the “Causeway of the Dead”, because it was believed to have been surrounded by graves, when in reality it has pyramidal platforms, each one of which sheltered a place of worship for the gods long ago. Even the term causeway could induce a mistake, since in reality it is a disposition of straight lined rectangular spaces, sometimes separated by some steps and others marked in its center with a sign. A recent hypothesis points out that one of the those empty spaces could have been destined to the ritual “Game of the Ball”, whose absence in Teotihuacan always intrigued the investigators, until the discovery of a painting and of some strange goals or baskets that came to show that a variant of the sacred game was practiced, and it was particular of the city.

“The Causeway of the Dead” communicates the pyramid of the Moon, with the place proper for priests or cults, incorrectly denominated the Citadel. Between both, to the Westside of the causeway, it rises, as a plastic evocation of the currently put out volcanoes that are drawn in the horizon, we are talking about the famous “Pyramid of the Sun”.

Rhythmic exaltation of the space by a calculated counterpoint of emptiness and masses, of distances and volumes, of light and shadow, of horizontal and vertical lines, of closings and openings: such is the essential character of the Teotihuacan architecture, that reached its major perfection and expressive force in the esplanades, terraces, platforms, rhymed by the perpendicular cut of the stairs of straight lined ramps that border the rectangular joint of the Citadel, in the southeastern extreme of the Causeway of the Dead. In this authentic sacred place, the temple of the “feathered serpent” elevates him (Quetzalcoatl) in his spectacular pedestal: a pyramid of six bodies, whose friezes and embankments are decorated wit huge sculpted heads that stand out of the wall, with a very peculiar style. Alternated with them, the heads of Tlaloc (God of the Rain) and Quetzalcoatl appear. The perfect distribution of such heads allows us to calculate that originally they had 365 in total, as many as days in a year. Evidently, this is not the only fact that induces to presume the existence of secret laws in the execution of the ceremonial joint by the Teotihuacan architects.

Traza tu Ruta
  • Holiday in Mexico
  • Holiday in Mexico
  • Holiday in Mexico
  • Holiday in Mexico
  • Holiday in Mexico
Pase Turistico Mexico DF
Hoy no Circula
Teléfonos México: (+52) 5592 7312 | +52) 5592 7313
Lada sin costo: 01 800 849 8402 | USA toll free: 1 888 698 0690
E-mail: hotelvie@prodigy.net.mx
Diseñado por Network Site