The South of the ancient New Spain felt attracted towards Mexican Independence. In January of 1822, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua decided to incorporate to the new country. Nonetheless due to the turbulence that followed the end of Agustin de Iturbide’s (emperor after Independence, was overthrown some time later) Empire, they separated from Mexico in July 1823. After federalism and the Constitution of 1824, Chiapas that during the colony had belonged to the general legislature of Guatemala united with Mexico once again in September. Even though the XIX century there were separatist outbreaks in Southeast, federalism prevailed and along with it, the destinies of

The South remained attached to that of the rest of the country. Meanwhile Congress was debating between centralism and federalism; some states didn’t recognize the central power. Guadalajara People declared Jalisco as a Free State, Zacatecas, Oaxaca and Puebla followed that example. In the middle of these declarations of independence, Yucatan announced its addition to the central power as long as the federalist system was adopted.

With the posture of Yucatan, the solution to stop the breaking apart of the country appeared in the horizon; the union in the federation that Yucatan proposed convinced the rest of the provinces that chose a similar pact.

An article of the 1824 Constitution textually says:

The parts of this federation are the following states and territories: The state of Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila and Texas, Durango, Guanajuato, Mexico City, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora and Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Jalisco, Yucatan, Zacatecas, The territory of Upper California, Lower California, Colima and Santa Fe in New Mexico, the instance of Tlaxcala that during the colony, it had a peculiar administrative configuration was fixed later through a constitutional law.

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