INDIANS AND SPANIARDS LIVING TOGETHER

From the beginning of the colonization, Indian groups were isolated from the Spaniards. There was even the idea of extending through all of the territory the so-called structure of the republic of Indians and the republic of the Spaniards. In the XVI century, the trace of Mexico City included the separation of the Spaniards and Indians as an excuse for evangelization. This way, both republics in the sense of a community counted on having a place to sit in with different governments and different legal plans of order.

Also the economic activities were separate: the indigenous were entitled to do handy work like for example, the public and private constructions. At the same time this separation favored various different ancient activities like hunting and fishing even agriculture in floating gardens which were set up in small boats.

Of course, the distance between the Spaniards and the Indians permitted the natives to continue with their rituals and religious practices of their ancestors. Besides, this policy of segregation failed regarding the land boundaries. The Spaniards greedy in increasing their possessions gradually penetrated the indigenous territories; The Indians on their part, introduced themselves to the Spanish city to employ in urban activities like servitude and commerce. Little by little, the mixing of the cultures knocked down the boundaries between both republics in the urban area, a floating population appeared to increase its importance day by day: muleteers, packers, construction workers, cooks, craftsmen, sitters and maids. For the XVII century, the fact that boundaries between the Spanish city and Indian neighborhoods had disappeared was undeniable. The mixed and caste group had grown rapidly and alternating between one are and another and the same thing happened with the blacks. The special division kept existing, since the Spaniards lived Downtown and the Indians in the surroundings of the city; the Spanish trace continued, but the mixture of cultures and bloods had surpassed the frontiers that had been set initially.

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