MEXICO: FORERUNNER OF COMMERCIAL GLOBALIZATION

In 1565, the sea feat of the Legaspi and of Urdaneta, defeated the dangers of the longest commercial route in the history of sailing; that route finally united West with East, that’s how the trips of the Galeon from Manila for more than two centuries and through the shipments that came from New Spain, they furrowed the Pacific Ocean making the European dream come true of communicating by sea with the great Eastern lands. The high transit in the Pacific Ocean attracted other countries that wanted to participate in that richness, by all means, and because of this, the golden age of piracy was originated with the English, French and Dutch.

Through ships like the Holy Trinity or the ship of Our Lady of Covandonga, Acapulco and Manila were connected and with them everything was transported, from Mexican silver to embroidered silk, ivory, rich metals, jewelry like the one that was brought for the choir of the Mexican cathedral, furniture and Chinese-like folding screens, tableware and porcelain and an endless list of products that little by little, permeated the every day life in colonial Mexico. The magnificence of the Novo Hispanic capital increased because as it was said in Bernardo de Balubena’s poem “Grandeza Mexicana”(Mexican Greatness): “In you, Spain with China, Japan and Italy are connected together, and finally a whole world in treatment and discipline”, they arrive from Asia and get accustomed in Mexico, the rich blue and white porcelain that is abundant along with the Spanish one of the Talavera of the Queen, in the handcrafts of the different towns, in the cockfights, the sculptures with ivory hands and faces, the lacquer configurations and Chinese imagery and specially cinnamon, pepper, the clover of infinite smell of spices that enriched the Mexican cuisine until elevating to the gastronomic refinement that is conserved today.

The poverty of the transportation did not end once arriving to the Mexican coasts, the trip by the land to the capital lasted more than 14 days between paths and bandits that killed the adventurous men with no mercy. But to the arrival of the Nao of China or the Galeon of Manila, gave into a happening that gave a new life to the sad hamlet of Acapulco, the bay acquired then a gigantic richness based on its strategic commercial location. From Peru, Guayaquil, to other places, they traded gold, silver, cocoa, for example. With the treasures from the East, Mexico arrived to Manila. There were some that deserted the Galeon in the Philippines and formed families there. In the culture and language from the archipelago you can still hear Mexican words like tamal, atole, and zapote among others. During the independence movement, Acapulco stopped being the connection to the East. Briefly this commerce moved to the port of San Blas, but towards 1815, the sea traffic stopped and ended with a very interesting time period, in the life of Mexico.

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